1. Live video.

First up, there’s live video. Live video started to become popularized with the development and acquisition of dedicated streaming app Periscope back in 2015, but only this year did the medium truly start to take off. Facebook introduced its own streaming platform, Facebook Live, and both individual users and organizations started using it to share live streaming content with friends and followers. Live video is an easy and effective way to interact with people, especially if you use a question and answer style format or another medium that encourages participation. Since it’s still relatively new, you can expect it to continue growing into 2017 and beyond.

2. Stories.

Snapchat stories have been around since the app’s launch (which is now called Snap), but it was the debut of Instagram’s equivalent “story” function that made headlines earlier this year. Instagram has long been a tricky platform for brands to use, in part because it doesn’t allow you to post links (and driving traffic is usually a main goal of social media marketing) and in part because its photography-centric audience makes it less approachable for mainstream brands. Stories is another leap forward for storytelling in social media marketing, and brands that leverage it have been seeing killer results.

3. Mobile optimization.

Social media apps have also been making strides toward becoming exclusively focused on mobile experiences. Some apps, like Snap and Instagram, only exist as mobile apps with no desktop equivalent, and long standbys like Facebook and Twitter continue making layout and functionality changes that are custom-made for mobile audiences. It’s unlikely that this momentum is going to stop, especially as mobile traffic continues to increase and brands like Google keep pushing for further mobile optimization with features like accelerated mobile pages.

4. Social commerce and advertising.

Admittedly, when I made my predictions for what trends we’d see in social media this year, I was convinced that the hybridization of social media and eCommerce was going to take even more steps forward this year than it did, but it was an eventful year for the development and refinement of social purchasing and advertising. We saw new advertising options from brands like Instagram and Pinterest, and new features like slideshow ads from top players like Facebook. It’s no secret that these apps depend on advertisers in order to stick around, so it stands to reason that a good chunk of their development is spent on improving advertising options and features.

5. Echo chambers and influence.

This trend wasn’t a new tool, a new feature, or a new way to use social media so much as it was the widespread realization of one of social media’s less pleasant effects. Because social media news feeds use a system of user engagement to rank news stories, it’s only natural that users become more exposed to stories they already like, believe in, or have engaged with in the past. Eventually, this creates a kind of echo chamber that limits individuals’ exposures to opposing views or new information—which, during an already contentious election year that included a deluge of fake news that was perpetuated as long as it fit with users’ beliefs, resulted in significant controversy. We may see Facebook and other social media major players respond to this effect with newer, more diversified versions of news feed algorithms as a result. Facebook and Google have already taken first steps toward discouraging the proliferation of fake news by refusing to pay advertisers who publish it.

Source: Forbes